Lesson Plan/Learning Experience Plan Template

Unit Topic/Learning Experience Name

 Counting with small animal-shaped toys





Key Learning Area

Language/literacy, Maths, Science







Is a play-based activity that enables children to select toys representing their favourite animals and group them according to numbers 1-10. The game is enjoyable and appropriate for the children as they should already know how to count numbers. The animal shapes should come in more colours to add more fun to the activity. The toys should also include both domestic and wild animals.


Lesson Specific Objective/s

Ø Improve counting skills - some children within this category may only be able to count up to five. The game, thus, enhances their number skills by enabling them to counter larger numbers.

Ø Maths language and literacy - the activity should help the children to identify and describe colours. If a child’s preferred animal is a cow, for instance, he/she should describe how many of the animal they have in various colours.

Ø Better social learning - the activity helps children to identify and differentiate animals based on their unique physical features


Link to EYLF Learning Outcomes

Outcome 1 – Children have a strong sense of identity

Outcome 1.4.2 – engage in and contribute to shared play experiences

Outcome 4 - Children are confident and involved learners

Outcome 4.1 - Children develop dispositions for learning such as curiosity, cooperation, confidence, creativity, commitment, enthusiasm, persistence, imagination and reflexivity

Outcome 4.1.2 - are curious and enthusiastic participants in their learning

Outcome 4.1.4 - follow and extend their own interests with enthusiasm, energy and concentration

Outcome 4. 3 - Children transfer and adapt what they have learned from one context to another

Outcome 4.4.3 - experience the benefits and pleasures of shared learning exploration

Outcome 5 - children are effective communicators

Outcome 5.1 - Children interact verbally and non-verbally with others for a range of purposes

Outcome 5.4 - Children begin to understand how symbols and pattern systems work

Outcome 5.5 - Children use information and communication technologies to access information, investigate ideas and represent their thinking





Number charts, animal crackers


Plan/Lesson Structure


The teacher shows a number chart to the children and asks them to read the numbers aloud. The chart should contain numbers 1-10.

Teaching Strategies:

Role modelling: The teacher should be the first to read the numbers while the children recite. The children can then say the numbers aloud as the teacher points to each on the chart.

Observation: Enables the teacher to ensure note down the number of children that can identify the words correctly, both in order and randomly.


Main Body:

Teacher asks the children to read the numbers one-by-one and helps them identify how many items they need to correctly represent a each of the numbers. The activity requires use of number charts with wide boxes to allow the children place the matching number of animal toys against each number.

Teaching Strategies:

Role modelling: The teacher demonstrates how the animal toys will be placed for each of the numbers. The children should then copy what the teacher does.

Supervision: The teacher walks around the classroom to observe and document the activities of each of the learners.

Inclusion: Each child should get a chance to participate. The required guidance and assistance should be offered to all children.




Purpose of the game is to enhance the children’s number skills using play-based approach. Children’s ability to identify and name larger numbers contributes to the success of the lesson. The following questions may be asked at the end of the activity:   


What did we learn today?

Which animal did you choose?

How many blue, red, green or yellow ones did you have?


The teacher may then ask the children to count numbers one to ten in groups. The educator may cover charts so the children recite numbers based on their memory.


Teaching Strategies:

Open ended questions: To make children explain what they have learnt in details. The method enables the teacher to know how much each child understood and can help to identify areas that require coaching to improve understanding of the topic.


Observing: Helps to notice the proportion of the children that can count the numbers with ease and others that seem to get lost, and the numbers that majority of the children struggle to remember.


Scaffolding: To apply additional teaching/learning strategies to enable attainment of lesson objectives.



Variations, Extend and Special Needs


Ø Allow children with impaired speech to use non-verbal communication to present and describe the numbers




Ø Check if children can identify and name the numbers correctly, randomly and in order

Ø Observe and record the number of children that correctly place animal crackers against each number

Ø Take note of the percentage of learners that can recite numbers without looking at the number charts




Ø How effective was the activity? Were there any limitations?

Ø Which part of the lesson did the children enjoy most?

Ø What improvements can make the activity more inclusive?

Ø What other teaching methods could be added to the activity to improve its effectiveness?